Khazar University, Azerbaijan Veterinary Research Institute, Karabakh Equestrian and Dilbaz Equestrian Complexes continue the joint study of the project "Studying genome profile of Karabakh and Dilbaz horse breeds: Identification and utilization of genetic markers and allele variations in breeding programs" that won the "Science-Education-Industry" grant competition of the Science Development Foundation under the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan.
The press service of the Science Development Foundation told AZERTAC that 25 horses (50 horses in total) were appraised in each farm within the project. After appraisal, 2 individuals of each breed, 1 mare and 1 stallion of Dilbaz breed, 1 mare and 1 stallion of Karabakh breed were selected and registered. Appraisal was carried out in accordance with the requirements of the Law of the Republic of Azerbaijan "On Equestrian Sports". During the appraisal, complex traits were evaluated to determine the pedigree qualities of the horses, their suitability for reproduction, the conformity of the origin and hereditary traits to the requirements of the breed and the purpose of use. The indicators of the appraisal are included in the established electronic database.
The electronic database is based on the Access database and consists of 3 modules.
The horse movement module includes information that allows you to track the next movement (to whom it was sold, date of sale, participation in a race, forced loss, natural death), including gender, name or nickname of the horse, chip number. , passport number, body size.
Laboratory examination module includes variables reflecting horse gender, nickname, chip number, passport number, sampling for gene analysis, presence of GBS, which horse was paired after GBS, obtained baby, gender of the baby, signs of the baby, registration number of the baby in the journal, the health status of the baby were included.
The module of preventive measures includes information on measures taken against equine influenza, rhinopneumonia, tetanus and viral arteritis, indicating the horse's gender, nickname, chip number, passport number.
The processing of this complex information about horses into an electronic database is a novelty in Dilbaz and Karabakh equestrian complexes. At the end of the project, an updated version will be presented to these farms. In the next stage, the appraisal process will continue among the remaining horses, and individuals without electronic chips will be microchipped.
The results of the project were presented at the X International Conference "Scientific Achievements and Challenges in Biology" held on May 6-7 this year and were awarded first place in their field.