Course Descriptions

ART 231: Painting and Art Education (6 credits)

Prerequisite: NONE

Basic fundamentals of painting. Color and basic techniques. Studio work and exhibition.


AZLL 101: Azerbaijani Language (University Requirement) (6 credits)

Prerequisite: High School Azerbaijani language

This course prepares students for analyzing academic texts and technical material in Azerbaijani. Advanced skills in academic and creative writing, reading comprehension are honed using academic literature across various disciplines. The topics cover culture, environment, customs and traditions, history, economics, etc.


AZLL 102.  Introduction to Writing (6 credits)

Prerequisite AZLL 101.

Writing Strategy. Planning and organizing source material for writing, revising, editing and proofreading. Summaries, critiques and syntheses of texts. Essay and creative writing. Academic and Business writing. Prose style. 


CMS 101: Introduction to Computer Science (6 credits)

Prerequisite: NONE

Students are introduced to the evolution of computers, the components of a computer system, computer hardware and software, file organization, data communications, operating systems, the concept of algorithm, text processor.

Fundamentals and functions of the Internet.

DESN 103: Painting (6 credits)

Prerequisite: DESN 102

Basic study, studio practice, and critique. Exploration of concepts, materials, techniques, and historical examples, using acrylics, gouache, pastel, and mixed-media. Emphasis on individual concept and content.


DESN 201: Graphics Design (6 credits)

Prerequisite: DESN 101

Emphasis on design, use, and application of creative visual images and concepts in communication. Two-dimensional and tree-dimensional problems.


EDU 105: Introduction to Education (6 credits)

Prerequisite: NONE

Social sciences overview of major policy issues in public education. General introduction to social sciences research in analysis of educational policy issues and to methods for exploring major policy issues. Topics include school finance, equal educational opportunity, testing and evaluation, teacher compensation, and school law.


EDU 203:   Bilingual Education (6 credits)

Prerequisite: NONE

Educational principles of bilingual education. Teaching methods in bilingual classroom.


EDU 206: Basics of Dephectology (6 credits)

Prerequisite: consent of the instructor

Comprehensive survey of mental retardation, with emphasis on etiology, characteristics, diagnosis, institutionalization, social and family relationship, multicultural education, and historical aspects of mental retardation. Comprehensive survey of learning disabilities with emphasis on characteristics, theoretical explanations and models, assessments, and placement alternatives.


EDU 207: Information Technology and Elementary Education (6 credits)

Prerequisite: NONE

Computers and the Internet. Elementary methods of gathering and processing of information.


EDU 208: Drama in the Classroom (6 credits)

Prerequisite: NONE

Methods of development of drama in the classroom. Search for children’s drama within national literature as well as other literatures. Distribution of roles and training methods. Design of scene.


EDU 217: Special Education (6 credits)

Prerequisite: NONE

Educational and other characteristics and needs of children and youth who deviate from the norm in physical, mental, social, or communication abilities. Theories of curriculum; models of teaching, instructional strategies, evaluation of student progress and service delivery; issues and trends in special education.


EDU 276: Computer Applications in Education (6 credits)

Prerequisite: CMS 101

A practical course on computer applications as a problem-solving tool. Topics include word processing, electronic spreadsheets, database management, graphics and telecommunication.


EDU 300: Foundations of Vocational Education (6 credits)

Prerequisite: Consent of the instructor

History of vocational legislation, principles and practices in the national and local levels. Knowledge of work analysis, planning, and organizing of vocational content for instruction.


EDU 302: Curriculum, Instruction and Assessment Strategies (6 credits)

Prerequisite: NONE

Social and psychological foundations of curriculum. Theories of curriculum development, modern trends, various assessment strategies within and across teaching disciplines. Instructional inquiry examined within classroom management, philosophical foundations, exceptionality, technology, multi-cultural issues, etc.


EDU 303: Foundation of Physical Education (6 credits)

Prerequisite: NONE

Examines the philosophical, historical, sociological and psychological foundations of physical education. Study of procedures and techniques in physical education.


EDU 307: The Teacher and the Law (6 credits)

Prerequisite: EDF 105

Analysis of legal rights and responsibilities in the classroom, laws, related to liability, contract, records, discipline, due process, and schools.


EDU 311: Games in Elementary and Middle Education (6 credits)

Prerequisite: DAE 204

The study of the scope, structure, and sequence of games in Grades 1-6. Emphasis on educational games and skill progression for selected sports. Field experience required.


EDU 322: Integrated Language and Literacy (6 credits)

Prerequisite: NONE

Approaches to the integration of reading, writing, speaking, and listening across the curriculum in collaborative, student-centered environment. Focuses on the child in her/his life contexts, including home, school, and community.


EDU 325: Elementary Art Education (6 credits)

Prerequisite: NONE

Curricula, specific methods, and media in teaching elementary art. The course presents tools designed to help elementary school teacher in creative growth of children.


EDU 327: Elementary Mathematics Education (6 credits)

Prerequisite: MATH 235, 236

Content, methodology, and instructional materials for elementary school mathematics. The course emphasizes use of knowledge from learning theory, motivation, readiness and evaluation. Students deal with selecting and presenting mathematical content for elementary school children.


EDU 328: Elementary Social Studies Education (6 credits)

Prerequisite: NONE

Objectives, materials of instruction, organization and content of selected courses of the social studies in elementary school program. Adaptation of modern methods to specific school conditions.


EDU 329: Elementary Science Education (6 credits)

Prerequisite: NONE

Specific methods, research, curricula, and media in teaching elementary science.


EDU 350: Elementary Health and Physical Education (6 credits)

Prerequisite: NONE

Curricula, specific methods, and media in teaching elementary health and physical education.


EDU 360: Children's Dance (6 credits)

Prerequisite: NONE

The teaching of contemporary national and others dance. Integrating dance into the curriculum. Basic principles and techniques for teaching dance to elementary school children.


EDU 381: Elementary School Music Methods (6 credits)

Prerequisite: NONE

Designed to help elementary teachers learn the fundamentals of music and to provide specific and practical suggestions for teaching music skills to children. Students are actively involved in making music and learning to teach music.


EDU 400: Instrumentals and Teaching Elementary Music (6 credits)

Prerequisite: consent of the instructor

Knowledge and skills for development for the development and implementation of music experience in the elementary curriculum for the elementary classroom teacher.


EDU 402: Methods of Teaching Descriptive Art (6 credits)

Prerequisite: consent of the instructor

Modern teaching methods and techniques of teaching descriptive art. Selected topics in theoretical, critical and historical methodology and their relevance to practicing descriptive art teaching techniques.


EDU 403: Methods of Teaching Mother Tongue (6 credits)

Prerequisite: consent of the instructor

Modern teaching methods and techniques of teaching Azerbaijani. The main emphasis is on communicative role of the four skills: reading, writing, listening and speaking are taught within the frame topics. Be in complex in nature this course covers the basis of Azerbaijani.


EDU 404: Basics of Hygiene and Sanitation (6 credits)

Prerequisite: consent of the instructor

It covers the study of assessment principals related to school hygiene and sanitation. School hygiene and sanitary norms and development of hygiene and sanitary skills and techniques are taught.


EDU 405: Methods of Teaching Mathematics (6 credits)

Prerequisite: consent of the instructor

Modern teaching methods and techniques of teaching mathematics. Basics concepts of Algebra, equation, systems of linear equations inequalities, elementary geometry, functions and graphing, inverse functions are touched upon in this course.


EDU 406: Teaching of Natural Sciences (6 credits)

Prerequisite: consent of the instructor

Modern teaching methods and techniques of natural sciences. Role of natural sciences in the development of children. Overview of contemporary teaching methods and techniques. Readings and discussions.


EDU 407: Student Teaching Internship (9 credits)

Prerequisite: Successful completion of all program requirements

Required of undergraduate elementary education majors as culmination of program. Provides experience in an elementary school where the student assumes all teaching responsibilities for a minimum of ten weeks.


EDU 408: Teaching Methods of Azerbaijani Language (6 credits)

Prerequisite: AZLL 206

This course outlines the method of teaching Azerbaijani lessons, various educational approaches to phonetics, morphology and syntax. It also provides information on orthography, orthoepy, the use of punctuation marks, and organizational approaches to extra-curriculum activities on Azerbaijani language. It offers visual, methodical and organizational works on Azerbaijani, illustrates the techniques of the students’ speech development and significance of stylistics studies.


EDU 409: Teaching Methods of Azerbaijani Literature (6 credits)

Prerequisite: AZLL 307

Based on the latest achievements in pedagogy, psychology, logic, and philology, this course covers methodical issues, such as, ways of teaching literary works, carrying out literary writing, etc. Content, principles, rules, methods and means connected with teaching of Azerbaijani literature are studied. The main objective of the course is to give students brief overview of the history of literature and works of leading literary figures, study methodologies for analyzing literary works, and explore main issues studied in the theory of literature and literary critics.

EDU 411: Teaching Methods of Computer Science (6 credits)

Prerequisite: CMS 101, EDU 276

A practical course on how to use computers in education. Topics include graphics, animations, Internet applications used in education. Computer assisted instruction. Computer assisted learning. Computer managed instruction. Computer administered education. Components of computer hardware, software, and courseware. Application of microcomputer in education.


EDU 468: Historical and Philosophical Foundations of Education (6 credits)

Prerequisite: NONE

Historical development of education. Philosophical theories that bear upon educational principles, policy making, and practice.  Events, leaders, ideas, and movements underlying development of education. History and philosophy of education through various periods and geographical areas.


PSYC 101. Introduction to Psychology. Child Development (6 credits)

Prerequisite: None

Basic psychological processes and principles of human behavior. Interacting with other people and groups. Memory, perception, motivation. Interpretations of individual differences and development.  Nature of children's minds and relations of childhood and adulthood. Cognitive, language, psycho-social and moral development. Laboratory experience. Direct contact with children.


PSYC 304: Basics of Educational Psychology (6 credits)

Prerequisite: Consent of instructor

Application of principles for understanding individual differences, learning, adjustment, classroom environments, and assessment to instructional and educational issues. Challenges of diversity and teacher effectiveness are addressed.

SCI 101: The Earth an Space Science (6 credits)

Prerequisite: NONE

Elements of Earth structure. Plants and Animals. Landscape. Atmosphere. The Sun and planets. The origin of Universe. Energy and matter.


SOC 417: Sociology of Education (6 credits)

Prerequisite: consent of the instructor

Study of education as a social process and social institution; the relationship between education and other social institutions; analysis of the social functions of education and the socialization process; school and community; school as a social institution


AZLL 101: Azerbaijani Language (University Requirement) (6 credits)

Prerequisite: High School Azerbaijani language

This course prepares students for analyzing academic texts and technical material in Azerbaijani. Advanced skills in academic and creative writing and reading comprehension are honed using academic literature across various disciplines. The topics cover culture, environment, customs and traditions, history, economics, etc.


AZLL 102  Introduction to Writing (6 credits)

Prerequisite AZLL 101.

Writing Strategy. Planning and organizing source material for writing, revising, editing and proofreading. Summaries, critiques and syntheses of texts. Essay and creative writing. Academic and Business writing. Prose style. 


AZLL 103: Azerbaijani Language for Foreigners (6 credits)

Prerequisite: NONE

The main emphasis is the communicative role of four skills – reading, writing, listening, and speaking. These skills are taught within the frame of topics such as greetings, making acquaintances, congratulations and thankfulness, (dis) approvals, requests, demands, introductions, apologizing, condolences, praying, etc.


AZLL 104: Advanced Azerbaijani Language (6 credits)

Prerequisite: AZLL 101

More complex in nature, this course covers the following problematic areas of the Azerbaijani language. Semantic structure, meaning its narrowing and broadening; semantic groupings in Azerbaijani language. Grammar, basic divisions and relations within them; grammatical categories. Syntax, the types of phrases and the sentences; text linguistics and its problematic issues; syntax of poetry; punctuation marks and their functions.


AZLL 105: Azerbaijani Literature (University Requirement) (6 credits)

Prerequisite: AZLL 101

The course covers study of the Azerbaijani literature from Ancient to contemporary times through historical periods. The life and works of prominent Azerbaijani poets and writers, as well as their literary works are studied. The course also covers brief information about the history and theory of literature, main goals and objectives of literary critics, etc. Central to the coursework is the study and discussion of selected works of prominent figures in Azerbaijani literature.


AZLL 106: Modern Azerbaijani Language 1 (6 credits)

Prerequisite: NONE

This course discusses the sound system, phonetic phenomenon and rules of Azerbaijan literary language. It explains pronunciation norms, formation and type of writing, peculiarities of alphabet, vocabulary structure and its richness, features and the ways of development. Information is given about principles used in the orthography of Azerbaijani. The characteristic meaning of words, types of proper names, and their origin and usage in Azerbaijani literary language are elucidated in this course. It also gives information about the dictionary and its various types, rules of dictionary compilation, and ways of word-building in the literary language.


AZLL 107-307: History of Azerbaijani Literature 1-5 (6 credits)

The course covers the emergence and evolution of the Azerbaijani literature from the times of early folklore literature up to the present in chronological order and through the stages of its development. The life and works of individual writers and poets who lived in different periods are studied, their literary activities are explored, national and global issued on which they focused are analyzed, the literary influences of a writer/poet on others are determined, and their creative activities are systemized in line with the historical period they lived. Central to the coursework is the study of selected pieces of literary work by the students and discussions on these works. The course is divided into the following 5 parts – each part lasts one semester and consists of 3 credits:

1.   AZLL 107: History of Azerbaijani Literature 1: Azerbaijani Folklore

Prerequisite: NONE

2.   AZLL 109: History of Azerbaijani Literature 2: Ancient and Medieval Literature

 Prerequisite: AZLL 107

3.   AZLL 207: History of Azerbaijani Literature 3: Azerbaijani Literature from 17th to mid-19th centuries 

Prerequisite: AZLL 109.

4.   AZLL 208: History of Azerbaijani Literature 4: Azerbaijani Literature from mid-19th to early 20th centuries

Prerequisite: AZLL 207

5.   AZLL 307: History of Azerbaijani Literature 5: 20th century Azerbaijani Literature

Prerequisite: AZLL 208


AZLL 108: Modern Azerbaijani Language 2 – Morphology (6 credits)

Prerequisite: AZLL 106

All-important practical problems concerning morphology are covered in the teaching of this subject. This curriculum analyzes the modern Azerbaijani grammatical system, its originality and other features. The words are grouped according to their meaning, form, function and rules of modification.


AZLL 205: Advanced Azerbaijani Literature (6 credits)

Prerequisite: AZLL 105

This course aims at giving optimal knowledge on advanced Azerbaijani Literature. It covers the latest Azerbaijani Literature, development of journalistic genres, searches for new forms and contents in literature. The course also includes written and oral compositions on the bases of classic and modern literary extracts.


AZLL 206: Modern Azerbaijani Language 3 – Syntax (6 credits)

Prerequisite: AZLL 108

It explains teaching of word combinations, syntactic relations, sentences, and their structural types. It also deals with punctuation marks and their proper use.

AZLL 306: History of Azerbaijani Literary Language (6 credits)

Prerequisite: AZLL 206

This course explores the main sources of Azerbaijani language history and its origin, the rise of literary language, and problems extant in development periods. It also surveys the historical and cultural conditions of the different periods. The role of outstanding personalities related to the developmental history of Azerbaijan literary language is given in chronological order.


AZLL 416: Fundamentals of Literary Critics (6 credits)

Prerequisite: Consent of instructor

Fundamentals of Literary Critics as a subject is composed of three parts: Theory of Literature, History of Literature, and Literary Critique. This course mainly deals with issues covered in the Theory of Literature. Features of literary works and principles of reflecting real-life events, as well as the social importance and role of literary works are studied. The course also covers such topics as principles of literary creativity and rules of their development, unity of content and form, characteristics of different types and genres, structures of literary works, styles and methods, etc.


AZLL 417: The Environment of Eastern Languages and Azerbaijani Literature (6 credits)

Prerequisite: Consent of instructor

The main objective of this course is to study role of Arabic and Persian rules of writing and literature in the formation of Azerbaijani rules of writing and literature.


AZLL 512: Azerbaijani Dialectology (6 credits)

Prerequisite: Consent of instructor

Dialectology (dialects) and accents are constructed in this section of linguistics. This course explains the phonetic, lexical, morphological and syntactical properties of dialects and accents. It also provides an extensive classification of Azerbaijani dialects and accents on the principles of geographical territory and investigates the theoretical issues of dialectology.


AZLL 513: Onomastics (6 credits)

Prerequisite: Consent of instructor

The types of special names in language, their origin and use are elucidated in the course. It gives information about scientific classification and descriptions of all kinds of onomastic units.


AZLL 514: Textual Criticism (6 credits)

Prerequisite: Consent of instructor

Complex investigation of the historical roots and development of ways of textual criticism as a science, as well as modern textual criticism, its methods and principles are pursued in this course. The emergence and development of Azerbaijani textual criticism, Azerbaijani Middle Age manuscript books and booklets, scientific analyses of the manuscript text copies, exploration of text origins, attribution of the text (the determination of the author), research of text translations, text preparation for publications and etc. are comprehensively enlightened.


AZLL 515: Azerbaijani Historical Grammar (6 credits)

Prerequisite: Consent of instructor

This course provides general information about historical grammar, discusses the developmental processes of separate parts of speech, investigates historical Azerbaijani phonetics and morphology, analyses the origin of the language and historical development of its morphological features, and explains and elucidates the establishment of the modern language.


LING 215: Introduction to Linguistics (6 credits)

Prerequisite: Consent of instructor

This course gives basic knowledge of the historical background, formation, common features and diversities of the languages and language families. The course focuses primarily on the methods and techniques of linguistic analyses, including meaning, evaluation and changes of regional and social dialects. It discusses development of linguistic quality assessment models from the historical and theoretical angles.


LING 216: Fundamentals of Linguistics (6 credits)

Prerequisite: Consent of the instructor

This course explores general problems in the study of linguistics. It illustrates the origin and development of linguistics, the world languages and their classifications. It interprets the relations between language and its writing, origin of writing, its peculiarities and periods of development.


LING 310: Phonology (6 credits)

Prerequisite: LING 216

It teaches the speech sounds and prosodic events (height, length, and strength of tone) as a meaning distinguishing device (phoneme) of words, morphemes and a system of phonemes of the language, and investigates their functional features.


LING 420: Languages of the World (6 credits)

Prerequisite: LING 215

Survey of language families of the world: classifying languages genetically and typologically; historical relations among languages.


LING 421: Sociolinguistics (6 credits)

Prerequisite: LING 215

Social determinants of linguistic diversity, variability, and change; linguistic behavior and social control; methods of community-based linguistics research.


LING 422: Linguistic Analysis (6 credits)

Prerequisite: LING 215

Techniques for analyzing phonological, morphological, and syntactic data from a variety of languages; discovering, stating and justifying generalizations; comparison of diverse languages.


LING 423: History of Linguistics (6 credits)

Prerequisite: LING 215

Origins and history of the development of linguistics, various theories of the development of linguistics.


LIT 201: World Children Literature (6 credits)

Prerequisite: AZLL 105

Provides knowledge and skill in critical analysis of the purposes and strategies for teaching and evaluation of children’s literature. Survey of literature for children from early childhood through junior high school.


LIT 305-405: World Literature 1-3 (6 credits each)

This course covers study of pieces of literature created in different countries of the world beginning from ancient times. The lives and activities of leading figures in world literature and their most famous literary works are studied in chronological order. The course is composed of three parts. Each part lasts one semester and has a value of 3 credits:

·         LIT 305: World Literature 1: Ancient and Medieval Eastern Literature; History of Antique Literature

Prerequisite: Consent of the instructor

·         LIT 308: World Literature 2: European Literature during 13th-18th centuries

Prerequisite: LIT 305

·         LIT 405: World Literature 3: European, American, and Russian Literature during 19th-20th centuries

Prerequisite: LIT 308


LIT 505: Modern Literary Process (6 credits)

Prerequisite: Consent of instructor

The main objective of this course is to understand development trends in literature based on the analysis of literary works of recent years. The course also covers issues like loyalty to literary traditions and relations between older and newer literary forces, reviews various pieces written in different genres, and integration of Azerbaijani literature to world literature.


LIT 507: Literary Critique (History and Theory) (6 credits)

Prerequisite: Consent of instructor

This course studies the importance of literature from the perspective of society: harmony between social life and literature is evaluated, and literary works are analyzed in terms of society’s interests and demands. Literary critique contributes to enhancing the quality of literary works and to the evaluation of literature. It also helps the readers in understanding literary works correctly.


Major: History and Geography Education


GEOG 102 Earth Studies (6 credits)

The main objective of this course is to deliver basic and fundamental knowledge regarding the planet Earth. Main sections: Earth as a Planet, Layers of the Earth: Lithosphere, Atmosphere, Hydrosphere, Biosphere, and Environmental Problems of the Earth.


GEOG 204 Meteorology and Hydrology (6 credits)

In this course, students gain detailed information and knowledge about the atmosphere and hydrosphere. Main sections: Energy and Radiation Budget of the Earth, Air and Climate, Water Circulation, Rivers, Oceans, Water Management.


GEOG 211 Cartography (6 credits)

The main goal of this course is to instill basic knowledge regarding the science of cartography. Main sections: The Planet Earth, Cartographic Generalization, Cartographic Projections, Maps, Map Making, Remote Sensing, Geographical Information Systems (GIS).


GEOG 312 Tourism (6 credits)

The main goal of the course is to form solid background regarding tourism and tourism-related issues. Main sections: Tourism, Tourist Rentals, Touristic Places of the World, Tourism in Europe, Hotel Management, Mountain Tourism, Hiking, Tourism in Protected Territories and National Parks, Touristic Management, Tourism in Azerbaijan.


GEOG 202 Geology (6 credits)

The primary objective of this course is to deliver basic knowledge regarding the Geology of the Earth. Main sections: Hydrogeology, Crystallography, Geophysics.


GEOG 301 Physical Geography of the World (6 credits)

The main goal of this course is to form a solid background regarding the physical geography of the Earth. Main sections: Physical Geography as a Science, Continents: Africa, America, Europe, Asia, Antarctica, Australia/Oceania; Oceans: Pacific Ocean, Indian Ocean, Atlantic Ocean, Arctic Ocean.


ENV 302 Environmental Science (6 credits)

The main objective of this course is to deliver fundamental knowledge about the nature and environment as well as environmental pollution. Main sections: Ecology, Environment, Environmental Pollution, Environmental Problems of Azerbaijan and Main Obstacles.


GEOG 302 Physical Geography of Azerbaijan (6 credits)

The primary aim of this course is to deliver foundational knowledge regarding the physical geography of Azerbaijan. Regions of Azerbaijan are studied separately. Main sections: Geographical Situation of Azerbaijan, Geology of Azerbaijan, Mineral Resources, Climate, Rivers and Water Resources, Caspian Sea, Environmental Problems, Protected Territories, Natural Regions and Sub-regions of Azerbaijan.


GEOG 412 Geography of the Turkic World (6 credits)

This course serves to develop a solid background of the Turkic world, including detailed knowledge of the current economic and social geography. Main sections: Turkic Countries, Geographic Situation of the Turkic Countries, Natural Resources, Population, Turkic nations, Agriculture, Industry, Turkey, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkic Government bodies in Russia and China.


GEOG 401 Economic and Social Geography of Azerbaijan (6 credits)

The main aim of this course is to deliver essential knowledge regarding the economic and social geography of Azerbaijan. Economic regions of Azerbaijan are studied separately. Main sections: Economic-Geographical Situation of Azerbaijan, Natural Resources of Azerbaijan, Population of Azerbaijan, Migration Problems, Demography of Azerbaijan, Economic Sectors, Economic Geography of Azerbaijan, Agriculture, Management of Natural Resources, Economic Regions of Azerbaijan and Main Problems.


GEOG 402 Economic and Social Geography of the World (6 credits)

This course provides a solid background regarding economic and social geography of the world. Detailed knowledge regarding the regions and countries should be delivered. Main sections: Natural Resources of the World and their Management, Population and Urbanization- Main Obstacles, Agriculture, Industry, Economic and Social Regions of the World, World Countries such as United States of America, Germany, Japan, African Countries, Islamic Countries, Turkic Countries.


ENV 415 Environmental Management (6 credits)

This course provides an overview of the key concepts and principles in environmental management, areas of global and national environmental concern, and strategies and tools for effective environmental management.  Main sections: Nature, Ecology, Environmental Problems, Air and Water Pollution, Soil Pollution, Climate Change, Carbon Management.


GEOG 411 Historical Geography (6 credits)

The main goal of this course is to create a bridge between geography and history and instill essential knowledge regarding the geography of historical civilizations. Main sections: Geographic Peculiarities of Ancient Nations, Egypt, Rome, Greece.


Major: Biology and Chemistry Education 


BIO 101: General Biology (6 credits)

This course is designed to familiarize the students with three important aspects of biology at an introductory level. The first part deals with cellular organization: cell structure, chemical constituents, cellular respiration and photosynthesis, control of cellular activity, and the role of the nucleus and cytoplasm. The second part deals with basic concepts in genetics. The third part deals with biological activity at the level of the organism: structure and function of body parts, response of the organism to tits biological and physical environments, biological rhythms, and behavior. The process of evolution is also covered.


BIO 203 Cytology, histology and embryology (6 credits)

Prerequisite: BIO 101

This course is composed of 3 related sciences.  The first is structural and functional analysis of the nuclear and cytoplasmic compartments of the cell with emphasis on the microscopic and submicroscopic structure of muscle, nerve, secretory and sensory cells. Histology focuses on microstructures of the human body and their related functions, and is divided into general histology that studies the cell and intracellular matrix of the 4 basic types of tissue, and special histology that studies how the tissues constitute the organs in various systems. Embryology mainly concerns the developmental processes and mechanism of a human being, and is divided into general embryology that studies the formations and development of germ cells, fertilization and early development of a human embryo, and special embryology that studies the formation and malformations of different organs. The teaching program of cytology, histology and embryology includes lectures and laboratory practices.


BIO 217: General Plant Biology (anatomy and plant physiology) (6 credits)

 This course is the basic introductory lecture and laboratory course designed especially for Biological Sciences and Education Department majors. This course introduces the student to the basics of plant biology including plant anatomy and plant morphology, physiology, metabolism, reproduction and ecology. This course covers cell and tissue types, development of primary and secondary tissues, and structure of vegetative organs with emphasis on angiosperms. The course continues with an introduction to plant physiology of higher plants with emphasis on biochemical, cell biological and molecular aspects of how plants function. Unique aspects of regulation of plant metabolism including photosynthesis, respiration, growth and stress responses are emphasized. Introduces concepts of structure-function relationships, aspects of organismal maintenance, environmental response, growth, and reproduction are related to structure, and comparisons made between specializations in representative plants. The laboratory exercises are designed to study plant processes such as respiration, photosynthesis, tropisms, and secondary metabolite accumulation.


BIO312: Systematical Botanic (6 credits)

This course covers basic and contemporary systematic principles and methods as applied to plants, including classification, identification skills, phylogenetics, and surveys of important families of major groups of plants via lectures and lab practice. The course continues with introduction to plant morphology including eukaryotic algae, fungi, bryophytes, and vascular plants to (typically) a phylum to ordinal level.  Emphasis is on comparative morphology and life cycles. The theoretical foundations of plant taxonomy and the types of evidences used in constructing plant classification and identification procedures are explained. Students are expected to achieve the following objectives after successfully completing the course: describe a plant using botanical terms, learn key characteristics for identification of important families of ferns, allies, conifers and other flowering plants, recognize large and common families of flowering plants. 


BIO 312: Systematical Zoology (6 credits)

This course provides an overview of the invertebrate and vertebrate animals, including sponges, cnidarians, flatworms, nematodes, annelids, mollusks, arthropods, echinoderms, minor protostome and deuterostome groups, invertebrate chordates, fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals. Lectures cover various aspects of the biology of animals, including animal classification and phylogeny, anatomical structure and function, behavior, biogeography and roles in the environment. Laboratory practical work emphasizes observation and investigation of living and preserved specimens, including some dissection. Independent projects are encouraged to improve research skills.


 BIO 434: Molecular Biology (6 credits)

An introductory course covering the structure and properties of macromolecules, their interactions, organization of genes, ions chromosomes, replication and transcription of genetic material, protein synthesis and genetic engineering techniques.

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